The US Centers for Disease and Control Prevention (CDC) recorded 43,982 deaths due to drug overdose in 2013. More than half of this number, 22,767 or 51.8% were involved in the use of drugs either prescribed by doctors or sold over-the-counter.
The problem of drug abuse in the US goes back to the 19th century, when a mixture of opium and alcohol, called laudanum, was then used. Laudanum was used as a medical remedy for diarrhea, cough, anxiety, sleeplessness and pain. Its addictive effects were found useful, especially by Caucasian women, who could definitely not go to bars or saloons to drink (like their male counterparts); instead, they went to their doctor for the addictive drug, which they claimed was a remedy against pregnancy problems, emotional problems, menstrual cramps and childbirth.
Many other addictive substances, including heroin, opium, cocaine and marijuana, were used as time went on; however, during the early part of the 1900s, laws eliminated the distribution of these substances and, by 1920s, the stimulants methamphetamine and amphetamine became doctors’ and abusers’ center of attention.
Currently, drug abuse has come to involve prescription medications, such as pain relievers. Today’s most commonly abused prescription drugs include: opioid pain relievers, like Oxycontin and Vicodin; central nervous system (CNS) depressants, which relieves anxiety, like Xanax and Valium; and stimulants formulated to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), like Ritalin, Concerta and Adderall. The most abused over-the-counter drugs, on the other hand, are cold and cough medicines that contain dextromethorphan.
In 2005, 4.4 million American teenagers, aged between 12 and 17, confessed to taking prescription painkillers and, in 2006, an additional 2.6 million was reported as having become first time abusers. Today, an estimated 15 million people in the US are prescription drugs abusers, surpassing the combined number of those who use illegal substances.
With drug abuse, however, comes the danger of death. CDC, in fact, has been reporting at least, 20,000 deaths each year, since 2009, due to narcotic pain relievers. Since these drugs are prescribed by doctors, majority of the teenagers who abuse these believe that these must be safe. But these drugs, in reality, when taken for no reason at all, except for the high that these provide, can even be more dangerous than illegal substances.
Opioids, for example, can cause constipation and make a person feel drowsy. If too much is taken, it can also depress (or slow down) breathing. This particular effect of opioid can cause hypoxia, which is inadequate supply of oxygen to the brain – a condition that can result to coma and/or permanent brain damage.
Occasions that lead to prescription drug abuse include the unscrupulous practice of a number of doctors who have become prescription factories in exchange for easy money. Or it could be due to the carelessness of some parents or relatives, who leave these types of drugs within easy reach of their teenage children.
Asbestos was widely used until the late 1970’s for its fire resistant properties before it was determined to be a highly toxic material that caused the cancer mesothelioma. Since it was used to build many homes before this discovery, some people who own older homes can be at risk for asbestos exposure. There are steps you can take to determine if your home may have materials containing asbestos.
The first step is to simply determine when your house was built. Since asbestos was officially banned in 1989, houses built after this have a low risk of containing materials with asbestos. If your home was built before this time though, you need to inspect further. You cannot determine the existence of asbestos simply by looking at it. You instead need to check for signs that building materials are deteriorating or suffering from wear and tear. This is because asbestos is not particularly hazardous when protected but can become a risk when materials start to break down and the fibers are released into the air. You can look for disintegration in walls, tiles, insulation, and even stove tops.
If you see any signs of wear and tear in an older home, you should usually contact a professional to get the area tested for asbestos. This can also be a necessary precaution if you plan to renovate an older home and potentially release the asbestos fibers into the air. Before tests are done, it is important that you do not use power tools that can cut or disturb the fibers. It is not recommended to do this on your own as you may be put at risk of exposure.
A trained professional can come and take a sample of the materials you expect have been contaminated by asbestos and take the necessary steps to remove the fibers if they are found.
Asbestos exposure can be a serious health concern and lead to mesothelioma cancer that can affect the lungs, abdomen, chest, and other parts of the body. View this website to learn more about mesothelioma and asbestos exposure.
3D printing is no longer just about making small objects you will never need. The 3D printing industry is experiencing innovation at a rapid rate, and is constantly redefining their worth.
A company named Sanya Si Hai 3D Technology, Ltd. brought China its first 3D printed car. Weighing in at 500 kilograms, or 1102.31 pounds, this car is named Shuya after the city it was made in. Shuya can go up to 20 kilometers per hour, or about 25 miles per hour and runs on an electric motor.
Made of Tyrant Gold material, the car cost $1770 to create, including labor. It took about five days to print the 3.6 m/1.6 m two-seater.
This is not the first 3D printed car, or even the fastest made one, but the fact that it is China’s first is exciting regardless.
Many companies are also testing the water of 3D printing homes. A Chinese company called WinSun even printed an apartment building as well as a mansion. Unlike cars, housing is a sector of 3D printing in which China is at the forefront of.
Of course, with this new form of technology, one should still be a little skeptical. 3D printing has not come with any major concerns yet, but it is important to think critically about any sort of new technology in order to avoid problems from arising. That is not to say to avoid 3D printed objects for the next 20 years, but wait until ones such as cars and homes have been heavily tested and researched before getting one for yourself. Also, these grand projects are not something you should try to create by yourself. The website of Jeff Sampson says that injury victims face a wide range of consequences that can affect them for the rest of their lives, so if you happen to come in contact with a 3D printer, stick with making small trinkets for now.
Mental disorders are some of the most difficult health conditions that a person may have to deal with and there is such a negative stigma that surrounds even the association of such. The emotional and psychological stability of a person with a mental disorder is delicate in nature due to the cognitive discrepancies caused by the illness. Life is markedly more complicated with illnesses such as this, which is why it is imperative that the medication that allows for people who suffer such conditions can live a life as normally as possible.
Imagine then the profound and tragic impact that a defective drug could have upon an individual already so decidedly damaged by this disease that they did not ask for? To cite an example, lawyers of Williams Kherkher reported evidence on their website that Risperdal, a drug meant to treat patients with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and autism, has been linked to having been the cause of more illnesses such as gynecomastia. Gynecomastia is a condition that increases estrogen levels in some young males, altering their physical appearance. This drug has also been linked to having been the cause of other conditions such as diabetes, galactorrhea, pituitary tumors, et cetera. This can be cripplingly devastating news for someone who is already sick – that they have gotten even more ill in trying to alleviate themselves from their mental disorder.
If this situation has happened to you or someone you know, it is advisable to seek the help of legal experts who have the know-how and specialization with defective pharmaceutical cases such as this. The procedures involved in a court of law are demanding, insidious, and incredibly stressful; suffering from such an illness is stress enough and it is the duty of the legal expert that you attain to make sure they can represent you faithfully in a court of law as well as ensure that you are given only the best kind of help available.
An uncontested divorce differs from the typical divorce most of us are aware of in that there are no issues that need to be resolved in court. There are only two requirements for an uncontested divorce in North Carolina to be filed. One is that either spouse has been a resident of the state for at least six months, and the other is that the spouses have been living physically apart for at least a year. Because North Carolina is a no-fault divorce state, neither spouse needs to dispute anything to file for divorce.
The forms that are needed to be completed are available from the county clerk office where the couple resides and is based on the North Carolina Administrative Office of the Courts templates. The completed forms should be printed in black ink and filed with the county clerk office by one spouse, deemed the Petitioner. The other spouse is deemed the Defendant, who is given 30 days after being served with a Summons to respond. A hearing is then scheduled at which time the judge signs the divorce agreement.
It is possible to dispense with the services of a divorce lawyer when it comes to an uncontested divorce but it may turn out more expensive in the long run. While an uncontested divorce may seem a straightforward case, there are often unexpected complications that may arise depending on the circumstances. As pointed out on the website of divorce law firm Marshall and Taylor, working out the details of a divorce agreement can be overwhelming, especially if the couple has acquired property and have children. While these issues may not be in dispute, the legal documentation is still quite extensive and often complex.
If you are planning to file an uncontested divorce, it would be advisable to retain the services of a divorce lawyer to file it for you. It will save you time and money, and you will be assured that your divorce goes through without any hassles.
The National Institutes of Health states that hysterectomy, the removal of the uterus or the womb, is one surgery that majority of American women undergo before reaching the age of 60. This is due to the various uterus-related diseases that they can develop, such as cancer of the uterus, cervical or ovarian cancer, chronic pelvic pain, infection of the uterus (like pelvic inflammatory disease), uterine fibroids (benign tumors), vaginal bleeding, adenomyosis, endometriosis, and uterine prolapse (a condition wherein the uterus drops halfway between the cervix and the birth canal or vagina). Hysterectomy is actually the second most common surgical procedure performed on women in the US, Caesarean section being the first.
Traditional hysterectomy procedures, like vaginal and abdominal hysterectomies, required about five to seven-inch long incisions, big enough for the doctor to reach the particular organ or tissue that needs to be removed or treated. The introduction of the morcellator in the 1990s, though, saved patients the long abdominal cuts and longer recovery period required in traditional hysterectomy (as the device necessitates only 0.5-1cm incisions, and enables doctors to perform the procedure faster, more accurately, with minimal chances of infection and with much lesser pain and loss of blood).
A morcellator is a medical device capable of mincing (morcellating) large tissues into very small sizes that will allow easy suction and removal from the body. This device was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for use in laparoscopic (or minimally invasive) surgeries, such as hysterectomy and myomectomy (removal of myoma or uterine fibroids).
Despite its many benefits, the FDA found the necessity of issuing a safety alert that discouraged the further use of the device in surgical procedures due to reports that it can cause the development of leiomyosarcoma, a deadly type of cancer due to the spread of cancerous tissues called uterine sarcoma.
The first to respond to this FDA alert was Ethicon’s Johnson & Johnson (the giant pharmaceutical company’s power morcellator manufacturing unit), suspending distribution, recalling from the market and requesting doctors and hospitals to return three of the best engineered morcellator devices in the global market: the Gynecare Morcellex, the Gynecare X-Tract and the Morcellex Sigma.
Lawsuits against the manufacturers of power morcellators are now facing lawsuits filed by women (or by their respective family) diagnosed with the deadly cancer. The law firm of Williams Kherkher says on its website that women who have been harmed by a morcellator to immediately consult a morcellator lawyer to find out their legal options that may allow them to receive compensation from the harmful device’s manufacturer.
Obesity is one serious health problem that can increase the risk of heart attack, hypertension, stroke, diabetes, and certain types of cancer; and records from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey reveal that 35.7 percent (more than one-third) of U.S. adults suffer from this unfavorable condition.
For many years the various options to shed off extra pounds have been strict diet, regular exercise, dietary herbal supplements, weight-loss pills or, if choosing to resort to medical means, then through bariatric surgery (which is removal of parts of the small intestines and stomach through surgery) or gastric banding (the surgical implanting of an inflatable silicone device around the stomach’s top portion to make a person eat less as well as prolong the time for the digestion of food).
Diet and exercise required very strict discipline, weight-loss pills were linked to adverse events and the two surgical procedures presented possible serious side-effects, besides failing to ensure long term effects. The lack of, and the dire need for, an easier, more effective and safe means to shed off a substantial amount of unwanted fats, which could also ensure long-lasting results, were major reasons that made the introduction of the two new diet pills Qsymia (pronounced kyoo-sim-EE-uh) and Belviq (pronounced BEL-VEEK) an excellent news for those suffering from obesity in the US.
The oral prescription drugs Qsymia and Belviq were approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 2012. Belviq (lorcaserin hydrochloride), a serotonin 2C receptor agonist, is manufactured by Arena Pharmaceuticals Inc. The FDA approved it in June 2012 to serve as a therapy prescription for long-term weight loss; it should be taken in combination with a healthy diet and exercise program.
Qsymia (formerly Qnexa), on the other hand, is a diet pill that combines two FDA-approved drugs: phentermine and (the extended-release formulation of) Topamax or topiramate. It is manufactured by the California pharmaceutical company Vivus, Inc. Qsymia was approved for chronic weight management, as an adjunct to increased physical activity and a reduced-calorie diet.
Both prescription drugs are intended to treat chronic weight problems in adults who are obese (that is, those who have a Body Mass Index or BMI of, at least, 30) or overweight (with a 27 or greater BMI) and suffering from type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure (hypertension), high cholesterol, or any weight-related condition.
Despite the delays in the further conduction of clinical trials that will determine the actual level of safety or danger associated with using Qsymia or Belviq cases of dangerous side-effects, with disturbing frequency, are already being reported.
According to an article in the website of Williams Kherkher, some of the serious harms that Qsymia and Belviq can cause are cardiovascular damage, depression, language problems, attention difficulties and memory loss.
Vision impairment, suicidal thoughts and actions, and increased heart rate, are also being linked to Qsymia, while those taking Belviq have also complained of valvular heart disease, serotonin syndrome or NMS-like reactions, slow heartbeat, hematological changes, low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), painful erections and prolactin elevation.
Williams Kherkher advises those whose health have been affected due to their use of either Qsymia or Belviq to contact a lawyer who has extensive knowledge on both drugs and their side-effects. His expertise on the issue is sure to benefit those harmed by either of the drug by helping them look into their personal cases for the possibility of claiming damages for any harm they are made to suffer.
Generic drug makers have it good; they ride on the research, development and marketing done by other companies to (once the patent has expired) manufacture drugs that already have a proven market without spending a single red cent. Sure, they can sell the drug at a much lower cost, making it more accessible to the public, but then again they had no pre- and post-manufacturing costs to recover. Overall, they make a good if not great profit over it.
In addition, they are protected by a recent court decision against product liability suits because they didn’t make up the formula; they only duplicated it. Because the brand-name drug had already been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and being a federal agency preempts state laws on product liability, these generic drug makers are held in no way responsible when the drug is found to be dangerous beyond what is already known.
An example would be Boniva, the brand name for the osteoporosis drug ibandronate, which was recently approved by the FDA for generic versions to be released. There are ongoing product liability cases against Roche, Boniva’s developer and manufacturer, for undisclosed side effects which includes but not limited to osteonecrosis of the jaw, also known as “dead jaw.”It would seem logical that if generic drug makers benefit from selling ibandronate, they should share part of the liability if a plaintiff suffers injury from a generic version of Boniva.
Despite the court decision protecting generic drug makers, patients who suffer from the side effects from using generic versions of ibandronate would still be well advised to consult with an experienced pharmaceutical defect lawyer and file a lawsuit as soon as possible. In this way, if the court’s decision is ever reversed or amended in the future, the complaint would still be on record and the statute of limitations would no longer apply.
The Deepwater Horizon oil spill affected thousands of people and business in 5 states. Predictably, British Petroleum (BP) is currently engaged in legal tussles for one thing or the other, particularly about the issue of the validity of some claims for business economic settlement, even as the courts denied BP’s request to stop claims payments while appeals are ongoing. Legal experts speculate that BP will find it increasingly difficult to get the ear of the Supreme Court as arguments over the case become repetitive.
At the very least, the Medical Benefits Settlement has finally been set an effective date (February 12, 2014) more than two years after the settlement conditions and terms were approved. The earliest 100 filers with small claims have already received payouts, and the claims administration is turning its eyes on filers for the last half of 2013. Successful claimants are eligible for payouts as well as regular medical checkups for 21 years. Individuals who have become ill or injured because of exposure to oil residue and the dispersants used in the cleanup but have not yet filed a claim may do so up to February 13, 2015. Claimants who have been denied may link up with a BP claim appeal lawyer with experience in dealing with the oil giant.
According to the website of law firm Williams Kherkher, BP has systematically denied 75% of claims made to them, and has recently closed down the internal claims program designed to benefit those who opt out of various settlement programs already in place. Appealing a denied claim with BP requires specialized knowledge of the process, and can be difficult for a layperson to follow. To avoid risking getting nothing, a BP claim appeal necessitates the intervention of a knowledgeable and experienced BP claim appeal lawyer.
Birth is a traumatic experience for both the mother and child. There was a time not so long ago when it was toss up whether the mother or the child or both will survive the experience. Thanks to modern prenatal care, medical techniques and surgical methods, most pregnant mothers look forward to the event with little anticipation of anything going wrong, and are often fit to go home within a couple of days after.
However, even with these advantages, there is room for error. According to the World Health Organization, more than 280,000 women worldwide die from childbirth, while 20 times that number suffers some injury or infection. Most of these are attributed to poor or inaccessible health care before, during, and after childbirth, but the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that in the US, 590,000 women suffered childbirth complications over an 11 year period, and some may have recourse to a Kankakee personal injury lawyer. This is attributed to pre-existing health conditions, lifestyle, and poor prenatal care, but some can be attributed to medical error. The CDC also reports that six infants die out of every 1,000 live births in the US, mostly pre-term, while 3.1% of all births will result in some type of injury.
But even perfectly healthy mothers and full-term babies can still run into trouble during delivery. Two independent studies on the causes of these birth injuries for both normal and cesarean delivery identified incorrect or unsuccessful use of forceps and vacuums during delivery as having the highest incidence. Resulting injuries include damage to the head that is thought to be causative of later development of cerebral palsy. A Baltimore cerebral palsy lawyer will have the resources to dig deeper into the medical records to determine causation.
Medical errors that cause birth injuries such as cerebral palsy signify negligence on the part of the physician. If your child has cerebral palsy or other traumatic injury acquired during birth, you have the right to sue for damages to cover medical expenses, life-care, and the physical, psychological and emotional effects to the child. Consult with a medical malpractice lawyer as soon as you realize that your child has been irreparably injured.